Soil Health Publications demonstrating application of Solvita®

Authors – Date

Title – Institution – Journal/Symposium

Link to Report

Brinton, W., 2017 Effect of Coarse and Fine Soil Sieving on Solvita CO2 Burst and Other Traits of NAPT Soil, Woods End Laboratory Research Journal Vol 2 Feb 2017
Brinton, W., 2016 Solvita Report 2016 – Reference Soil Program, conducted between July-Sept 2016 with 25 participating soil laboratories
request by email
Brinton, W., 2016 Official Solvita Instructions for Soil CO2-Burst (Lab Method), Version 2016/1, updated for DCR Model 700.6
Brinton, W., 2016 Official Solvita Instructions for SLAN (Solvita Labile Amino Nitrogen – Lab Method), Version 2016/S
USDA-NRCS, 2016 Soil Quality Enhancement Activity – SQL15 – Utilize the soil health nutrient tool to assess soil nutrient pools, Fiscal Year 2015-2016, and 2017 Renewals, Ohio NRCS CSP Job Sheet Supplement, Activity SQL15
Comito, J., 2016 Management of performance of Iowa cover crops, Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports, Paper 516
Ward, D. et al, 2016 Soil fertility on granite and sedimentary soils is associated with seasonal differences in foraging by elephants,  Plant and Soil, doi:10.1007/s11104-016-3067-y
request by email
Thomsen, E.O., 2016 Simple Soil Quality Tests and Organic Management Practices for Orchards in the Intermountain West, Utah State University Graduate Studies, Paper 5050 http://digitalcommons.usu.edu/etd
Muñoz-Rojas, M. et al, 2016 Soil Physiochemical and Microbiological Indicators of short, medium and long term post-fire recovery in semi-arid ecosystems, Ecological Indicators, 63 (2016) 14-22
request by email
Guillard, K.; Moore, D.; Brinton, W. 2016 Solvita Soil Test Kits to Categorize Turfgrass Site Responsivenees to Nitrogen Fertilization – 2015 Results – 2015 Annual Turfgrass Research Report, University of Connecticut
Muñoz-Rojas, M. et al, 2016 Soil Quality Indicators to assess Functionality of Restored Soils in Degraded demiarid Ecosystems – Restoration Ecology, doi: 10.1111/rec.12368
request by email
Morrow, J.G.; Huggins, D.R.; Reganold, J.P., 2016 Evaluating Measures to Assess Soil Health in Long-Term Agroecosystem Trials – Soil Science Society of America Journal, doi:10.2136/sssaj2015.08.0308
request by email
Franzluebbers, A.J., 2016 Should Soil Testing Services Measure Soil Biological Activity? – Agricultural & Environmental Letters, Research Letter, Feb 9, 2016, ASA, CSSA, SSSA
Nkongolo, K.K. et al, 2016 Assessing Biological Impacts of Land Reclamation in a Mining Region in Canada: Effects of Dolomitic Lime Applications on Forest Ecosystems and Microbial Phospholipid Fatty Acid Signatures – Water Air Soil Pollution (2016) 227:104 request by email
Brinton, W.; Burger, B., 2015
Solvita for Soil Respiration: Influence of Various Soil Factors – Synergy in Science, ASA, CSSA, SSSA 2015 Annual Meeting, Nov 15-18, Minneapolis, MN
Smith, H.; Pretorius, W. et al, 2015
Exploring Some Soil Biological Indicators – Grain SA (www.grainsa.co.za), November 2015
Haney, R. et al, 2015 Estimating Potential Nitrogen Mineralisation Using the Solvita Soil Respiration System – Open Journal of Soil Science, 2015, 5, 319-323
Brinton, W.,  2015 Variables Influencing Solvita CO2 Respiration Results – introducing the Water Filled Pore Space (WFPS) Wetting Method, Woods End Laboratory Research Journal Vol 1 April 2015
Sciarappa, W.; Murphy, S. et al, 2015 Surveying Soil Health with the Solvita CO2 Respiration Test – Journal of the NACAA, Vol 8, Issue 2, December 2015
Montgomery, J. et al, 2015 Soil Quality Assessment is a Necessary First Step for Designing Urban Green Infrastructure – Journal of Environmental Quality, JEQ2015.04.0192 request by email
Munoz-Rojas, M. et al, 2015 Soil physiochemical and microbiological Indicators of short, medium and long term post-fire Recovery in semi-arid Ecosystems – Ecological Indicators, 63 (2016) 14-22
request by email
Bosarge T., 2015 A Soil Quality Index for Alabama – thesis Graduate Faculty of Auburn University, Crop, Soil and Environmental Sciences
Zhang, M. et al, 2015 Water-Extractable Organic Carbon and Nitrogen Affected by Crop Rotation and Fertilizer Management – chapter from SSSA Special Publication 62 “Labile Organic Matter”
request by email
Blignaut, J. et al. 2015 Promoting and advancing the uptake of sustainable, regenerative, conservation agricultural practices in South Africa with a specific focus on dryland maize and extensive beef production – Asset Research, booklet nr 2. Pretoria: ASSET Research CLICK HERE
Hartz T.K., Castro Bustamante, S., 2015 Nitrogen Management in Organic Processing Tomato Production: Nitrogen Sufficiency Prediction Through Early-season Soil and Plant Monitoring (Dept. of Plant Sciences, UC Davis) – HortScience Vol. 50(7):1055-1063. 2015 request by email
Guillard, K., McIntosh P., Brinton, W 2015 Solvita® Soil Test Kits To Categorize Turfgrass Site Responsiveness to Nitrogen Fertilization – 2014 Results, 2014 Annual Turfgrass Research Report, University of Connecticut CLICK HERE
Jachowski, V., et al. 2015 A Preliminary Study of Soundscape Analysis as a Measurement of Ecosystem Health, DePaul University, Vol 4 Issue 1 CLICK HERE
Narendrula, R.,  Nkongolo K.K. 2015 Fatty Acids Profile of Microbial Populations in a Mining Reclaimed Region Contaminated with Metals: Relation with Ecological Characteristics and Soil Respiration, Journal of Bioremediation and Biodegradation, Vol 6 Issue 2 CLICK HERE
Brinton, W & M Hutchinson 2013 Maize Performance in Relation to Soil Compost Rates and Soil Health Test Factors. (Univ. Maine) ASA-SSSA-CSA Symposium, Palm Beach CLICK HERE
Brinton, W and R. Haney 2013 Solvita CO2-Burst Respiration: A Rapid Means to Gauge Soil Biological Activity and Potentially Mineralizable Nitrogen. International Symposium on Soil and Plant Analysis, ISSPA, New Zealand CLICK HERE
R. D. Harmel et al. 2013 Initial Field Evaluation of the Agro-Economic Effects of Determining Nitrogen Fertilizer Rates with a Recently-Developed Soil Test Methodology, in Open Journal of Soil Science, 2013, 3, 91-99 (USDA ARS) CLICK HERE
Haney et al. 2012 Soil Organic C:N vs. Water-extractable Organic C:N, in Open Journal of Soil Science (USDA ARS) CLICK HERE
Haney & Haney, 2010 Simple and Rapid Laboratory Method for Re-wetting Dry Soil for Incubations, in Comm. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. CLICK HERE
Evanylo, G. & McGuinn R., 2009 Agricultural Management Practices and Soil Quality: Measuring, assessing, and comparing laboratory and field test kit indicators of soil quality attributes, Virginia Cooperative Extension, Publication 452-400, http://pubs.ext.vt.edu/452/452-400/452-400.html
R. Haney & W Brinton 2008 Soil C02 Respiration: Comparison of Chemical Titration, C)2 IRGA Analysis and the Solvita Gel System. USDA-ARS & Woods End; published in Jrnl Renew. Ag Food Systems CLICK HERE
R. Haney & W. Brinton 2008 Estimating Soil Carbon, Nitrogen and Phosphorous Mineralization from Short-Term Carbon Dioxide Respiration. USDA-ARS & Woods End, published in Comm. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. CLICK HERE
R. Haney, A.J. Franzluebbers et al. 2001 A rapid procedure for estimating nitrogen mineralization in manured soil, published in Biol Fertil Soils. CLICK HERE
J. Doran 1997 Soil Respiration Test Comparisons, University of Nebraska, USDA ARS  CLICK HERE
USDA 1999 Soil Respiration Test Guidelines, Soil Quality Institute, USDA ARS  CLICK HERE
Departamento de Agricultura 2002 USDA Instituto de Calida de Suelos [Spanish translation of soil quality institute guidelines]  CLICK HERE


Compost Maturity Publications demonstrating application of Solvita®

Author (s)




Hassan, M.A. et al 2016 Co-composting of Municipal Sewage Sludge and Landscaping Waste: A Pilot Scale Study, request by email Waste Biomass Valor, doi 10.1007/s12649-016-9645-7
Jeong, K.Y. with Brinton, W., et al 2016 Physical Properties of Peat-based Substrates Amended with a Mature Dairy Cow Manure Compost Before and After Plant Cultivation, request by email Journal of Environmental Horticulture, Vol. 34, No. 2, p 56-62, June 2016
Storino, F. et al. 2016 Effect of Feeding Regime on Composting in Bins
Compost Science & Utilization
Storino, F. et al. 2016 Meat Waste as Feedstock for Home Composting: Effects on the Process and Quality of Compost, request by email
Waste Managment:
Lee, C.T. et al 2016 Economic Assessment System towards Sustainable Composting Quality in the Developing Countries, request by email
Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy, doi:10.1007/s10098-016-1209-9
Evanylo, G.K. et al. 2016 Compost Practices for Improving Soil Properties and Turfgrass Establishment and Quality on a Disturbed Urban Soil, request by email
Compost Science & Utilization, 2016, Vol. 24, No. 2, 136-145
Hammett, K.M. 2015 Investigating Composting as a Method for Reducing Estrogenicity in Poultry Litter and Biosolids
Graduate School of the University of Maryland, College Park, Dept of Environmental Science and Technology, 2015, submitted thesis
Gårdefors, C. and Mahmoudi, N. 2015 Urine diverting vermicomposting toilets for Durban, South Africa
Uppsala University, Environmental and Water Engineering in collaboration with Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences and University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa, Project study 15hp, Sept 2015
Flury, M. et al. 2015 Intermittent rainstorms cause pulses of nitrogen, phosphorus, and copper in leachate from compost in bioretention systems, request by email
Science of the Total Environment 537 (2015) 294-303
Dortmans, B. 2015 Valorisation of Organic Waste – Effect of the Feeding Regime on Process Parameters in a Continuous Black Soldier Fly Larvae Composting System
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Master Thesis 2015:06, ISSN 1654-9392
Donaldson B., Crawley M. 2015 Determining Animal Mortality Compost Maturity and Suitability for Road Project Applications
Virginia Center for Transportation Innovation and Research, VCTIR 15-R21
Nordin A.C., Olsson J., Vinnerås B. 2015 Urea for Sanitization of Anaerobically Digested Dewatered Sewage Sludge, request by email
Environmental Engineering Science,  Vol 32, Number 2, 2015
Ashish K.N., Ajay S.K. 2014 Feasibility of Composting Combinations of Sewage Sludge, Cattle Manure, and Sawdust in a Rotary Drum Reactor
Environmental Engineering Research, 2014 March, 19(1):1-11
Enciso, M. 2014 County Yard Trimmings Facility Achieves EMS Certification
Biocycle, January 2014, p 39-46
Donaldson B., White J. 2013 Composting Animal Mortality Removed from Roads: A Pilot Study of Rotary Drum and Forced Aeration Compost Vessels
Virginia Center for Transportation Innovation and Research, VCTIR 13-R8
Hill G., Lalander C., Baldwin S. 2013 The Effectiveness and Safety of Vermi- Versus Conventional Composting of Human Feces
Journal of Sustainable
Development, Vol. 6 No. 4
Brinton W., Bonhotal J., Fiesinger T. 2012 Compost Sampling for Nutrient and Quality Parameters: Variability of Sampler, Timing and Pile Depth
Compost Science & Utilization, 2012, Vol. 20, No. 3, 141-149
Martin C.St.; Brathwaite, R. 2012 Compost and Compost Tea: Principles and Prospects as Substrates and Soil-Borne Disease Management Strategies in Soil-Less Vegetable Production
Biological Agriculture & Horticulture, 2012, March, 1-33, doi: 10.1080/01448765.2012.671516
McKinley J., Parzen R., Guzmán A.M. 2012 Impact of climate and bulking materials on characteristics of compost from ecological toilets
Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development, 02.2.2012
Elving J., Ottoson J.R., Vinneras B., Albihn A. 2010 Growth potential of faecal bacteria in simulated psychrophilic/mesophilic zones during composting of organic waste
Journal of Applied Microbiology,
108 (2010)1974-1981
Brinton W., Storms P., Blewett T.C. 2009 Occurrence and Levels of Fecal Indicators and Pathogenic Bacteria in Market-Ready Recycled Organic Matter Composts
Journal of Food Protection, Vol. 72, No. 2, 2009, Pages 332–339
Bernal, M.P., Alburquerque, J.A., Moral, R. 2008 Composting of animal manures and chemical criteria for compost maturity assessment. A review, request by email Bioresource Technology,
Gründler, S. 2007 Comparison of Dewar Self Heating Test, Solvita Compost Maturity Test and the OxiTop measuring system to establish stability and maturity of composted material for use in growing media project report by Bord Na Móna Horticulture Limited, Newbridge Ireland
Steger K., Sjögren Å.M., Jarvis Å., Jansson J.K., Sundh I.  2007 Development of compost maturity and Actinobacteria populations during full-
scale composting of organic household waste
Journal of Applied Microbiology, doi:10.1111/
Brinton W., Evans E. 2006 Monitoring Carbon-Dioxide and Ammonia from Composts by Use of Solvita® Digital Colour Reader
proceedings of ORBIT 2006, Weimar, Germany
Gómez R.B., Lima F.V., Ferrer A.S. 2006 The Use of Respiration Indices in the Composting Process: a Review
Waste Management & Research, 2006: 24: 37–47
Venelampi, O., Vikman M., Kapanen A., Itävaara M. 2006 Methods and Procedures to assess Compost Maturity and Stability
VTT Tiedotteita – Research Notes 2351, full document in Finnish: http://www.vtt.fi/inf/pdf/tiedotteet/2006/T2351.pdf
Sullivan D., Matteson T. 2006 Stability Evaluation of Mixed Food Waste Composts
Compost Science & Utilization, (2006), Vol. 14, No. 3, 170-177
Francou D., Poitrenaud M., Houot S. 2005 Stabilization of Organic Matter During Composting: Influence of Process and Feedstocks
Compost Science & Utilization, (2005), Vol. 13, No. 1, 72-83
Cabañas Vargas D.D., Sánchez-Monedero M.A., Stentiford E.I. 2005 Assessing the Stability and Maturity of Compost at Large-scale Plants
Ingenieria Revista Académica, mayo-agosto, año/vol.9, número 002, pp25-30
Wallace P.A. 2005 Assessment of Options and Requirements for Stability and Maturity Testing of Composts The Waste & Resources Action Programme (WRAP), Issue 2 – March 2005, ISBN 1-84405-057-2
Wang P., Changa C.M., Watson M.E., Dick W.A., Chen Y., Hoitink H.A.J. 2004 Maturity Indices for Composted Dairy and Pig Manures Soil Biology & Biochemistry 36 (2004) 767-776
Changa C.M., Wang P., Watson M.E., Hoitink H.A.J., Michel F.C. 2003 Assessment of the Reliability of a Commercial Maturity Test Kit for Composted Manures
Compost Science & Utilization, (2003), Vol. 11, No. 2, 125-143
Brewer L., Sullivan D. 2003 Maturity and Stability Evaluation of Composted Yard Trimmings
Compost Science & Utilization, (2003), Vol. 11, No. 2, 96-112
Buchanan, M., Brinton, W. et al 2001 Compost Maturity Index
California Compost Quality Council
Carlsbaek M., Broegger M. 1999 New Standardised Product Sheet for Compost in Denmark proceedings of ORBIT 99 Organic Recovery and Biological Treatment, Part II, p445-451, ISBN 3-930894-20-3
Potvin D. 1998 Détermination du taux d’assimiliation d’oxygène d’un compost pour assurer une utilisation agronomique sécuritaire
Dossier CRIQ 640-PE20750, Association Québécoise des Industriels du Compostage
McDonnell, E., Regenstein, J. 1997 Evaluation of Solvita Compost Maturity Test Kit
Cornell University, Special Report
Seekins, B., Hill G., King M., Verville R. 1996 Field Test for Compost Maturity
Biocycle, August 1996, p 72-75


Publications demonstrating Solvita® Grain Storage Test


Study Period


Iowa State University 2015 Physical and Chemical Properties of Whole Stillage, Thin Stillage and Syrup, Presentation at the 2015 ASABE Annual International Meeting, New Orleans, July 26-29, 2015
Purdue University 2015 Published Paper: The effect of storage temperature and percentage of condensed distillers solubles on the shelf-life of DWG stored aerobically, Journal of Stored Products Research, request by email
Woods End Laboratories 2002-2013 Research Summary; Solvita CO2 Test Kit to Detect Grain Fungal Spoilage, Woods End Laboratories, 2013.
Purdue University 2008-2010 Published paper; Solvita Digital Color Reader Evaluation, Journal of Cereal Chemistry, May/June 2010
Purdue University 2007-2008 Published paper; Calibration of Solvita test, Journal of Cereal Chemistry, Jan/Feb 2008
Iowa State University 2006-2007 Published paper Journal of Applied Engineering in Agriculture, Vol. 22 2006
Purdue University 2002-2006 NC213 Reports; Ph.D. Thesis
Titus Grain Inspection Service 2006-2008 Refinement of spreadsheet predictor for 0.5% dry matter loss (one grade debit) due to fungal spoilage